Prostate cancer prevention
The prostate is a gland located under the male urinary bladder, surrounds the initial section of the urethra. This gland produces secretion, in which contains sperm in the entire ejaculate.
Prostate cancer, after lung cancer, is now the most common cancer in men
that is why prevention of this disease is so important. Unfortunately, the age at which this disease occurs is getting lower and lower cancer, so it probably won’t be an exaggeration if a man is over 40 will start systematic preventive examinations.
Prostate cancer in its early stages of development is asymptomatic, which is why they are so important preventive examinations.
The basic examination is a urological medical examination consisting of: a thorough interview and a finger examination of the gland, i.e. the so-called Per rectum examination.
Of course, you should use an ultrasound examination, which may be necessary performed with an abdominal transducer or, more precisely, with a transrectal transducer, the so-called TRUS. These methods also have their limitations in the initial stages. The basic laboratory test is the total PSA test. If it is above 2 units, they should be supplemented with a free PSA test, of which: two studies calculate a ratio that is important in determining risk prostate cancer.
New minimally invasive tests are emerging, such as liquid biopsy or 4K score test
performed by some larger centers.
Currently, the basic non-invasive test for prostate cancer is:multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging – mpMRI, in which the parameter is assessed morphological and functional parameter. This study allows with great probability of assessing the presence, location and advancement of prostate cancer. The image obtained from mpMRI can be superimposed on the image obtained from rectal ultrasound and perform the most thorough invasive examination to detect and assess the degree staging of prostate cancer, namely Fusion Biopsy, where on the basis of Fusion precisely collects images from magnetic resonance imaging and transrectal ultrasound a biopsy sample from the gland is taken with a needle for histopathological examination.